The term Gestational Diabetes Mellitus or simply gestational diabetes is used to refer to the condition where in women with no previous history of the diabetes is diagnosed with high levels of glucose in their blood during pregnancy. This condition arises when the insulin receptors of a woman do not function as per their requirements.
This is commonly caused due to the various factors related to pregnancy such as the presence of human placental lactogen which is responsible for inferring the insulin receptors. Under such circumstances a proper gestational diabetes diet is a must. This condition however is most likely to disappear as soon as the child is born.
Possible syndromes as far as the mother is concerned
The major risk factors that are involved as far as gestational diabetes is concerned are listed below:
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
- Maternal age. The risk factor for woman increases as she ages. This condition may become critical for women above the age of 35.
- 1st degree type 2 diabetes as per as the family history.
- The Ethnicity.
- A previous delivery may have resulted in a baby suffering from macrosomia.
- 1, 3.6 and 8.6. The risk factors of these are severely increased in the event that the woman is a victim of overweight.
- Several genetic factors.
- Poor Obstetric history.
Problems with babies born during gestational diabetes
The babies that are born to mothers whose gestational diabetes goes untreated have an increased a risk of facing the following problems:
- The babies may turn it out to be too large for the gestational age.
- The face low sugar levels in their blood.
- The risk of jaundice also increases considerably.
- May result in seizures as well as still birth.
Doctors would prescribe a gestational diabetes diet more often than not in order to treat this condition during pregnancy so that the new born child doesn’t face any sort of problems what so ever.
Classification of Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is of varying types. For a proper treatment, classifying the condition is a must. Listed below are the types of gestational diabetes one may come across:
Normal level of blood glucose during fasting as well as after two hours of meals but abnormal OGTT. A proper gestational diabetes diet is often sufficient to deal with this problem for good.
This type is characterized by abnormal OGTT which is in turn accompanied by high levels of glucose during fasting as well as after meals.
What is a gestational diabetes diet?
Doctors and the nutritionists will indeed to prescribe women prone to gestational diabetes with a gestational diabetes diet. This is because such a diet not only helps in regulating the level of blood sugar of an individual but also at the same time, it helps to keep the blood sugar levels of an individual somewhat static.
It must be noted that the various gestational diabetes diets ought to comprise of small meals at regular intervals accompanied by some snacks. The meals must be more or less evenly distributed throughout the day. For the best results, it is recommended that individuals do not alter any part of the diet that has been prescribed for them without consulting a doctor, nutritionist or a health care service.
When considering such diet, it is a must for individuals to have a proper heavy breakfast. This must be done not only because the food gets a lot of time to digest but at the same time, the glucose levels in our body tends to be lesser during the morning as compared to the other parts of the day.
Factor to be consider while prescribing a gestational diabetes diet
There are numerous factors that an individual prescribing a gestational diabetes diet must consider; some of the factors are listed below:
- The amount of carbohydrates in the diet must be balanced.
- The intake of sugar must be limited by at the same time, it is necessary.
- The diet must comprise of food items that have high concentration of fibers.
There are several other factors that one ought to consider as far as a diet to deal with gestational diabetes is concerned. For more information, just google it!