When it comes to pregnancy there are loads of myths and misconceptions regarding gestational diabetes diet. Moreover if one is diagnosed with gestational diabetes then the stakes of acquiring several other pregnancy related issues becomes higher. Any level of diabetes when acquired during the pregnancy period can be termed as gestational diabetes. There are chances that out of 100 women, around 10 of them can get it.
This disease occurs during the last few months of a pregnancy. It goes away when the baby is born. The blood sugar level during pre-natal stage, if kept under control then the chances of deliver a perfect healthy baby is not at all a complication. But, if this diabetes is not treated at the right time, then it can create complications during that crucial time.
This is a time where right medication, active regime, right exercise is a part of the otherwise most important aspect of a pregnant woman’s lifestyle: a gestational diabetes diet. Eating healthy will always have a positive impact on one’s lifestyle at any point of time. Control pregnancy diabetes can easily be controlled by following the right diet and exercise.
Causes of this type of diabetes
Our body needs glucose in order to produce energy. Sugar is one of the major sources of this energy. Our body produces a hormone, called insulin which is secreted from the pancreas. This hormone maintains the blood sugar level in our body and converts it to the body’s fuel. Now, during pregnancy, there are ups and downs of insulin secretion due to the effect of various new hormones related to the gestation period.
When keeping track of the sugar level in the blood during this crucial period of life, it is important to keep a tab on the amount of carbohydrate one intakes. Carbohydrates convert itself into blood glucose which ultimately increases the sugar level in the blood vessels.
Carbohydrate rich food
Following foods contain different levels of carbohydrate that should be avoided in a gestational diabetes diet:
- Rice, pasta, cereals.
- Lentils, dried beans.
- Corn, potatoes, yams,
- Tortillas, breads, rolls, bagels.
- Fruit juices.
- Sweets like pastries, honey, syrups, cookies etc.
Changing the diet
Carbohydrate is no doubt needed for every human being. But during the pregnancy period, it is important to watch out for the amount and serving size of total carbs that is going inside a mother’s body.
Checking the food labels while consuming any food can make one sure of what she is eating. Monitoring the calorie intake will help a lot and control the diabetes to a great extent. A good dietician can help regarding this matter. If a dietician recommends a proper gestational diabetes diet, that food regime must answer the following questions:
- How often one should eat.
- How much one should be consuming.
- Which food s should be eaten and not eaten.
A drastic change in the blood sugar level is harmful for a would-be mother’s health and the above questions will help her to combat the complications related with pregnancy diabetes.
Following steps can help control the rising and falling sugar level during the pre-natal stage of a woman:
- Having right amount of starch: starch converts carb into glucose very rapidly. So, ingesting excess amount will hamper the pregnancy. But eliminating it from the diet is a very bad idea. Two pieces of bread or per meal one cup of starch is perfect.
- Having Breakfast: it is essential to eat regular breakfast and that too balanced gestational diabetes diet Blood glucose level fluctuates mostly in the morning. Protein rich food accompanied by starch is best suited for pregnant woman. Refined fruits and cereals should be avoided.
- Having milk in a controlled way: drinking only one cup of milk per meal is highly recommended. The calcium consumption is necessary but liquid carbohydrate also gets inside the body through milk.
- Keeping an eye on added sugars: Adding direct sugar, syrup or honey into the food should be strictly avoided. Artificial sweeteners like sucralose, aspartame are suggested. Desserts and sweets should not be eaten as they do not add to the nutrition that goes inside the body.
As stated earlier, it is very important to keep a track record of the amount of food which a pregnant woman eats. Using measuring cups while eating will help in keeping a check on one’s gestational diabetes diet.