The rise in blood sugar level than the normal caused due to less production of insulin in your body or the lack of response to insulin causes diabetes. Diabetes are of three types based on the cause- type 1 is caused by insufficient production of insulin in the body, type 2 is caused because body’s cells cannot respond to insulin and the third type is gestational diabetes which affects women during pregnancy.
The symptoms mainly include frequent urination and increased thirst and hunger. If undiagnosed it can lead to complications like stroke, kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, blurred vision or damage to the eye, and foot ulcers. To avoid these, you can take help from an expert dietitian who can provide you with diet for diabetes and advice you for regular exercise. This will eventually bring back the blood sugar level at normal.
Best diet for diabetes
Diet for diabetes is recommended for people as a treatment as well as to prevent high blood sugar level. Carbohydrates are the main source of energy as well as the reason for the hike in blood glucose level in the body. But a diet which is low in carbohydrate may include an increase in fats and calories which can cause overweight and eventually leads to diabetes (type 2). The best diet for diabetes should be low in sugar and fats but high in soluble fibers and complex carbohydrates. Few are given:
- High fiber:
Food items containing high fiber is of great help for diabetes patients. It decreases the risk of heart disease and also helps in reducing blood sugar level. Vegetables, fruits, whole-wheat, whole-bran and legumes like peas, lentils, dried beans as well as black beans make a good high fiber diet.
- Eating fish:
Fish containing a low level of fat and cholesterol like cod, tuna etc. are a good supplement for meat and poultry. It helps in promoting heart health and lowers blood fats.
- Eating fats:
Intake of fats is a big no for diabetes patients but fats that are unsaturated can help in lowering cholesterol level. Food items like almonds, olives and olive oils, pecan, avocados, walnuts, and peanut oils are rich in unsaturated fats.
- Complex carbohydrates:
Carbohydrates that are simple can be taken up by the body easily and reduced into sugars in an instant but intake of complex carbohydrates can help you maintain the glucose level as the excess glucose is taken up for energy.
Healthy lifestyle tips
For diabetes patients intake of balanced diets is as important as maintaining the meal time. In order to prevent and cure diabetes, one can follow the healthy tips which would allow you to maintain your blood sugar level and also prevent other cardiovascular diseases from occurring. Few tips are:
- Maintain regularity when having meals:
Intake of healthy food without skipping or delaying meals for work or other cause can avoid the effects of blood sugar level.
- Eat a number of times in a day:
Having healthy snacks throughout the day do not do any harm moreover retaking of the little amount of food every time keeps the blood sugar level in check.
- Lessen the amount of food intake:
As you can increase the number of food intake in a day simultaneously you have to reduce the amount of food intake so as to avoid fat build-up and hence rise in blood sugar level in your body.
- Avoid salts:
Avoiding salts involves avoiding the intake of sodium which can reduce the blood pressure level thus decreasing the risk of heart attack or stroke which are complications for the prolonged high blood sugar level.
- Avoid sugar:
Avoiding sugar intake is the basic step in following the diet for diabetes. Consume tea or coffee with no sugar and low-calorie drinks and avoid canned food items.
Prevention is very crucial for people who are prone to diabetes. In order to prevent it, one can start a healthy lifestyle by following the diet for diabetes and with regular moderate physical exercise. Reducing your weight to normal can help you maintain the blood sugar level and following healthy diet full of fruits, fibers and veggies can also reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease which is a complication for high blood glucose level.