Diabetic patients have a basic problem, that is, they are unable to use insulin efficiently or are unable to produce it enough. Due to this, the sugar level in the body rises up as it is not used up as energy. Diet for diabetes is very important for this kind of patients as the need for food with low sugar level or food which will keep the blood sugar level consistent is crucial.
This lifelong disease can be formed in three types- diabetes caused due to less production of insulin is type 1, diabetes caused when the body cannot use the insulin falls on type 2, and type three is gestational diabetes which is caused during pregnancy. In order to, maintain the sugar level in your body, you should exercise regularly and follow the diet for diabetes.
Symptoms and diagnosis
A diabetic patient can have a number of problems as it cannot absorb the glucose in the body or may not be able to produce insulin sufficiently. Low sugar level food items which are included in the diet for diabetes are of great help. The symptoms which can indicate diabetes includes:
- Frequent urination.
- Increase in appetite.
- Increase in thirst.
- Loss of weight.
- Poor wound healing.
- Blurred vision.
- Complications like heart attack, stroke, kidney failure etc.
Diagnosis of diabetes can be done in very easy steps by using blood tests. There are three basic steps which you can use to diagnose if you are well aware of the symptoms. The three steps are:
- Glycohaemoglobin test:
This test is done to diagnose Type 2 diabetes for past three months. This can indicate prediabetes which can eventually lead to diabetes in later future. For the normal result, the test level should be below 5.7%.
- Oral glucose tolerant test:
This test is done by having a glass of water mixed with 75g of glucose after the patient has fast for at least 8 hours. If the test result shows blood glucose level above 200mg/dL then the person is diagnosed with diabetes.
- Fast plasma glucose test:
This test is the most common test for the diagnosis of diabetes. In this test, the patient has to fast for 8 hours and then the blood glucose level is measured. A glucose level of 126mg/dL indicates diabetes.
Diabetes alone can bring a chain of problems in your body which can lead to complications among which some may be fatal. It is of utmost importance to keep your blood sugar level in check which can be done by following the diet for diabetes and with regular physical exercise. The food containing carbohydrates causes a hike in glucose level in your body than any other nutrients.
The sugar level of your body increases to some extent after every meal of the day. The goal of diet for diabetes is to avoid a hike in blood sugar level and maintain it throughout the day. The basic way is to have lots of fiber, low in carbohydrates and fats in your diet. This can be accomplished by following a pattern of meal and snacks.
Food items like whole grain bagel, granola cereal, flax seeds, fibrous fruits, walnuts, almonds, peanuts, oatmeal, and margarine can be a good head start for your day.
Fishes like tuna, cod are of good help for diabetic patients. Chicken salad, veggie salad, pesto pizza, tuna salad, and beans are good for lunch.
One fibrous fruit along with almonds, walnuts, or kiwi, apricots and light yoghurt makes good snacks for a day.
Brown rice, halibut or cod fish cooked in olive oil looks good for dinner. Other food item includes oven fried chicken, mixed vegetables, tofu, shrimp salad bowl with fat-free dressings etc.
Prevention of diabetes depends on following the diet for diabetes chart along with controlled portion of food you eat and maintaining the time of meal each day. The low sugar level food that is the food items with low glycemic index and fiber rich food are of great help for diabetic patients as they help in reducing the amount of glucose in the blood. Exercising helps in improving the body’s ability to use insulin in order to reduce glucose for energy.