Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the blood glucose level of the person is high for a prolonged period of time. It is caused either due to inadequate production of insulin or improper response of the body cells to insulin. The rise in the blood sugar level is caused by food items that are rich in carbohydrates. People with high blood sugar level are recommended with a diet for diabetes which simply refers to eating nutritious food.
Diet for diabetes or medical nutrition therapy for diabetes includes eating a variety of nutritious food in the right amount and having a fixed meal time. It offers healthy-eating plans that are rich in nutrients but low in carbohydrates and calories. It is to ensure you to have the right amount and type of carbohydrate-rich food in order to keep your blood sugar level in check and to have a healthy life.
Types of diabetes
Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes are mainly of three types:
- Type 1:
It is also known as juvenile diabetes and is caused due to inadequate production of insulin by the pancreas.
- Type 2:
It is commonly known as adult-onset diabetes and is caused due to the improper response of the body cells to insulin. It is mainly caused by excessive body weight.
- Gestational diabetes:
It is the third main form of diabetes and is caused when women develop high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. This type of diabetes is often recovered after the birth of the baby.
Diabetes patients have a number of symptoms but mainly experiences frequent urination, weight loss, and become increasingly thirsty and hungry. Slow healing of cuts, itchy skin, blurry visions are some other symptoms. The complications include chronic kidney failure, damage to eyes, stroke, foot ulcers, and cardiovascular disease.
Prevention and treatment of diabetes are necessary as it may cause long term complications and can be fatal in some cases. Treatment of diabetes mainly includes diet for diabetes, maintaining normal body weight, and exercising regularly.
Purpose of diet
The purpose of a diet for diabetes is to help you learn to balance your meals and make healthy food choices. You can see a dietitian to help you guide with your dietary changes which will eventually lower your sugar level. Intake of excess calories and fats can lead to the rise in blood glucose level but making healthy food choices and maintaining your healthy habits can help you maintain your blood sugar level in check.
A diet for diabetes should include sugar in low quantity and high in fiber. The amount and type of carbohydrates intake should also be maintained. You should enjoy your food and also eat enough to feel satisfied but avoid overeating and also make healthy food choices at the same time. Regular exercising can also help you maintain your normal weight which in turn can prevent you from high blood sugar levels.
Food items to avoid
Diabetes can lead to a number of disorders including heart attacks and stroke. In order to avoid it, you need to avoid or lessen your intake of food containing fats and high-calorie foods. Eating excess fat can lead to an undesirable rise in blood sugar level by your body. Avoid the following in your diet for diabetes:
Items like egg yolks, animal protein, dairy products, liver, and other organ meats should be avoided as they contain high cholesterol levels. In order to keep a balance sugar level, you should aim for maximum 300 mg of cholesterol per day.
- Saturated fats:
Food items like sausage, bacon, beef and other high-fat dairy products and high-fat animal proteins should be avoided or should be taken in the right amount.
- Trans fats:
Fats found in various snacks, margarine, and baked foods should be avoided. Avoiding candy and soda is also beneficial as the body absorbs the simple sugars instantly.
If you are wondering on what food items to eat and what to avoid and are also making bad choices, a dietitian can help you make your diet for diabetes based on your lifestyle, needs, health goals, and tastes. First and foremost step is to create a plan which includes counting your carbohydrate and fat intake and then planning your meals and snacks.