Diabetes is a very common problem in our society today. It is a group of metabolic diseases where the blood sugar stays high for a long period of time. People who are having the problem of diabetes must consult a doctor and take necessary steps to control the problem. There are many kinds of diet for diabetes which may help a person overcome it as much as possible.
Symptoms for high blood sugar and diabetes are increased thirst, frequent urination and increased hunger. Diabetes can cause a lot of problems if it is kept untreated. So a person with diabetes should make a diet for diabetes consulting the internet or physical instructor or a physician. There are two types of complications in diabetes, one is acute complication which includes nonketotic hyperosmolar coma and diabetic ketoacidosis and another one is long term complications such as stroke, kidney failure, and damage to the eyes, foot ulcers and cardiovascular disease.
Three main types of diabetes mellitus
Diabetes may occur due to the cells not responding to the insulin produced or the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin for the body. There are three types of diabetes that occurs to people. Thus, a person should be aware of the diet for diabetes according to the type of diabetes he or she is carrying-
- Type 1 DM –
Also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), here the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin for the human body. The cause of this kind of diabetes is still unknown to the people or the doctors.
- Type 2 DM –
Here the cells fail to respond to insulin properly. By time the lack of insulin may also develop. Also known as adult onset diabetes or non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, the primary cause of this disease in excessive weight and no exercises.
- Gestational Diabetes –
It is the third main form of diabetes occurs when pregnant women develops high blood sugar level without a previous history of diabetes.
- Prediabetes –
This includes a condition when he person’s blood sugar level is very much higher than that of normal. It is though not high as type 2 DM.
Prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus
Prevention and treatment of diabetes is an important step to build up a diet for diabetes. Here are some of the examples by which diabetes can be prevented or treated accordingly.
- Maintaining a normal body weight is an important way to avoid diabetes. Gaining weight is bad for health as the cells in your body starts being inactive which causes enough problems to grow diabetes.
- A healthy diet for diabetes is another important matter to look after to prevent diabetes. A person should always follow a healthy diet as it keeps the mind and the stomach healthy, which enables a person to be fit.
- Controlling the blood pressure and taking care of the foot is an important precaution for treatment and prevention of diabetes.
In today’s world a diabetic patient is there is every family. This mainly occurs due to food habits and lack of proper care about oneself. To avoid such problems a person should be disciplined in his daily life and should take care of himself.
The main symptoms of untreated diabetes are polydipsia, polyuria and polyghagia. Some other symptoms are nausea, headache, and fatigue; slow healing of cuts and bad eyesight etc. the primary factor of diabetes is insulin. The functions and the manufacture of insulin in the body are the prime factors of causing diabetes.
Maintaining a healthy diet for diabetes is worthy enough for the patients. As the food we consume contains minerals and vitamins which are required for a good health and the treatment of diabetes. In 2014, it is being estimated that around 387 million people has diabetes in the whole world, in which 90% of the cases are type 2 DM.
Diabetes doubles people’s risk of death. By 2035, the number of diabetes patients in the world will increase to 592 million. The cost of diabetes cost globally is $621 Billion USD and in the USA it is around $245 billion. Diabetes is regarded as the most reached disease after cancer.